Geographical Location of the Norman Manley International Airport
NMIA is located on the Palisadoes Peninsula in the capital city of Kingston. Kingston is located on the island’s south-eastern coast (17° 59' N, 76° 47' W) and in 2011 had an estimated population of 937,700. Kingston plays a central role in Jamaica’s economy as the administrative capital and commercial and financial hub. The city is also home to several multinationals with regional headquarters, universities and sites of archaeological interest.
Overview of the Airport
The Norman Manley International Airport (NMIA) is owned by the Government of Jamaica and operated by Norman Manley International Airport Airports Limited, which was incorporated in 2003 as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Airports Authority of Jamaica (AAJ) [link to http://www.airportsauthorityjamaica.aero/]. The company’s principal activity is to administer, control, and manage the Norman Manley International Airport and to provide and maintain such services and facilities other than navigational services. In addition to NMIA, AAJ also owns, manages and directly operates four general aviation aerodromes in Jamaica. AAJ also owns the Sangster International Airport, managed under a Public-Private Partnership.
NMIA provides air service primarily for visiting friends and relatives, and business and government agencies located in the south, central and eastern parishes of the Island. The catchment area has been expanded due to the improvement in the ease of access from the Highway 2000 project which provides direct linkage between the parishes of Clarendon, St. Catherine, Kingston & St. Andrew.
The NMIA catchment area is expected to be further expanded to the north central and eastern parishes with the completion of the North‐South leg of the highway, which became fully operational in April 2016. The highway, which connects the Caymanas/MandelaHighway (in St. Catherine) to Ocho Rios (in St. Ann), has reduced the travel times to the north coast, where 90% of Jamaica's main tourist destinations such as Ocho Rios, Port Antonio, Negril, and Montego Bay, are located. The GoJ has future plans to extend this highway to ultimately provide direct access to Montego Bay. NMIA is already benefiting from, and is expected to benefit further from this new road infrastructure and thus expand from both locals visiting friends and relatives, and tourist passenger traffic not currently served by NMIA.
Geographical Location of Jamaica
Jamaica has an estimated population of 2,889,187 (July 2012 estimate)1 and is located in the west-central Caribbean approximately 145 Kilometres (90 miles) south of Cuba and 190 Kilometres (118 miles) west of Haiti. The island is approximately 234 Kilometres (145 miles) long and about 80 Kilometres (50 miles) wide with an area of 10,991 sq.km (4,244 square miles). Jamaica is the third largest island in the Caribbean, characterized by mountainous terrain with a narrow plain along the coastline. The highest peak is in the Blue Mountain Range at 2,256 metres (7,402 ft) above sea level.1 Source: CIA the World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook.
City of Kingston
The Kingston Harbour is ranked as the seventh largest natural harbour in the world. The historic town of Port Royal, a site of great international archaeological interest is located at the western end of the peninsula and 15 minutes away from the airport. The GoJ is promoting the development of this national heritage site as a major tourist attraction and there are plans to explore the construction of cruise ship/homeport facilities. NMIA is expected to be a major beneficiary of these developments as the principal gateway by air to this historical site.
Jamaica is geographically and strategically located on the main maritime and aviation trade routes between North and South America. The Government has expressed its intention to capitalize on this opportunity by positioning Jamaica as a major global logistics hub. The viability of the logistics hub is also predicated on Jamaica’s ability to grow cargo traffic based on the expansion of the Panama Canal, the natural size and depth of the Kingston Harbour, the availability of a relatively low cost skilled and semi-skilled labour force, extensive land and submarine telecommunications infrastructure and the planned establishment of an International Financial Services Centre.
The Logistics Hub Initiative
The GoJ’s Logistics Hub Initiative (LHI) will benefit from a number of ongoing strategic projects including PPP transactions in respect of the Norman Manley International Airport as well as the Kingston Container Terminal (KCT). In addition, GoJ is far advanced in the development and implementation of a Port Community System to improve the competitive position of the seaport by automating port and logistics processes is underway.